Monthly Archives: July 2011

Judo Knowledge Coaching

Judo Knowledge Coaching.

The judo knowledge Facebook page has lots of information about the last two weeks of the European Judo Union level 4 and 5 coaching awards delivered at Anglia Ruskin in Cambridge, UK. Please have a look and also look at the EJU level 4 and 5 webpage –


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Filed under Coach Education, Coaching Judo, EJU level 4 & 5 coaching awards, Judo

European Judo Union level 4 and 5 coaching award – week 1

It is the end of week one of our physiology for judo block on the European Judo Union level 4 and 5 coaching awards. It has been a very demanding week that has included learning about the energy systems, the neuromuscular system and relating these to judo. The students have enjoyed the block so far but rather than waffle I will leave you with some pictures.


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There is more information about this two week block on Facebook at the judo knowledge page and there is more information on joining the course at We are also on twitter @EJUCoach.

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Filed under EJU level 4 & 5 coaching awards, Judo, Women's judo

Getting a graduate job in sport

It’s that time of year again where all the third year undergraduates have to get a job and  suddenly realise two amazing facts, firstly employers are not knocking on their door begging them to come and work for them and the day starts much earlier than Jeremy Kyle O’clock.

The hard facts of life are that there are many more graduates than graduate jobs, even in sport. So having been duly depressed by the status updates about not having work even though they haven’t even officially graduated yet I thought I would write a blog about getting work as a sports graduate.

I will mainly talk from the perspective of sports science and sports coaching degrees as these are the two I am more experienced with as we run them at Anglia Ruskin University.

I find a lot of students don’t know what they want to do and spend a lot of time looking at jobs but not applying, therefore my first piece of advice is apply for everything. This will give you vital experience of interviews and will test run your CV/covering letter. The other thing to consider is that you’re probably doing a non-sports related job now (probably the job you did whilst a student) and although the jobs you apply for might not be your dream job I can guarantee  the job you really want will ask for experience so get into a sports related job asap.

This brings me onto my second point. Don’t forget where you come from! You probably started sport in a club, just because you have a degree doesn’t make you too important to volunteer to work in a sports club. This will help keep you up to date, it will improve your sports network and will count as experience when you apply for a job. I know you think you’re too busy but that coach who coached you probably had a full-time job and if it wasn’t for him/her where would you be now?

Whilst you’re looking at jobs you should try to narrow down the area you want to work in. Once you have an idea of a couple of areas download the job descriptions and cross reference all the criteria. Do they all ask for a masters? Do they all ask for experience? Maybe they ask for some sort of accreditation like REPS, BASES, ISPAS, UKSCA or UKCC.

Obviously to find the job descriptions you need to know what websites to go to. Here are some but I am sure this is by no means an exhaustive list:

A very good site to visit is, they have a jobs section and a section called “careers” that gives job descriptions for many types of sports job.

RSS feed these so they come to your email and then you don’t need to check them every day. You can also subscribe to many of them in twitter. Which neatly bring me on to the next point – social media.

Type your name into google and see what you get. Maybe add you sport after it and see if that improves the hit. If I got 20 CVs sent to me this is what I would do, search for each one on google and see what I get. You should have a strong (and positive web presence) and this should include twitter, linked in and your clubs website (remember that club you’re volunteering in!). Remember too that the university has staff to help you write your CV and covering letter, you can still use them.

Lastly I would say plan ahead, at least 5-10 years. I love my current job but I didn’t leave uni and get it straight away, I had to work in schools, sixth forms and even drove a taxi so I could have a flexible enough job to do all the coaching I needed to do to get experience (none of it paid!) but I knew what I wanted to do, and know now where I want to go. This means now I can apply for work more strategically to get me the experience I need for the dream job 😉


Filed under Anglia Ruskin Sports Coaching & Physical Education degree, Coach Education, Uncategorized

I have just realised……

I have just realised I haven’t posted about the national teams. It was an interesting weekend really.

I met up with the combined services team on the Saturday morning as I arrived late at the hotel. We went to weigh in with no problem and the team fought pretty well. They ended up with a bronze medal. The semi final went 2-2 and with Lewis Keeble as our final fighter we were pretty confident but it wasn’t to be. Lewis threw his Scottish opponent and scored but landed in an arm lock and his opponent was quick to slap it on.

Unfortunately by this time one of our players, Johnny Morris, was suffering and we replaced him with the reserve. I think it is unfair to say the team was weaker though, as I looked at that team that faced Scotland 4/5 had fought in a world championships and the other was u23 European Bronze medallist. Not a bad team for a national team championships.

I also had Natasha Collins fighting in the u52 category for the eastern area women’s team. It is very interesting to see how the teams contrast in term of the management yet both teams secured bronze. Natasha’s first fight was a bye, the second fight she won by ippon and the third fight went 4 mins before she lost to a second wazari, to be fair she was fighting the European u20 bronze medallist. She was happy with this fight though, in fact she was happier with this one than the one she won. I think it show a maturity that she is looking at the quality of the fight rather than the outcome.

The national teams this year didn’t have the atmosphere as previous years, I am not sure why this was, maybe it was just me.

On Sunday I have seven youngsters fighting in a local age banded, they did pretty well, we got three golds, a silver and a bronze. Two things about this competition made me really happy. The first is that the two older boys were given specific things to work on, to the point where if they went into newaza and were pinning their opponent they would let them up. They both worked hard to develop their new techniques and both secured gold.

The really great thing about this weekend was one of out new players Rosie, she also won gold but this is insignificant in relation to how confident and cheerful she was through the day. At Comberton JC we have a blog that the children write on competition day to keep them entertained, improve their writing and encourage reflection. You can read what Rosie wrote here:

It is interesting working with such a variety of players day in day out. On Sat I was with a team of full-time judo players and on Sunday I was with a group of predominantly red belts. Most weeks I coach a huge range of players like this which is interesting but has its challenges.

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Filed under Coaching Judo, Comberton Judo Club, Judo

National Team Championships

So the day is nearly upon us. In my opinion the National Team Championships is the second most enjoyable in the country (BUCS being the most enjoyable!).

This year I will once again be coaching the combined services team (Army, Airforce and Navy). This team has medalled in the past but never won it as far as I can remember. Unfortunately this year we will not be entering a women’s team so it is all down to the men.

I think we have a good chance, every member of our A team is a full-time judo player and all are very experienced. our line up looks like this:


66kg – Lewis Keeble

73kg – Johnny Morris

81kg – Emanuel Nartey

90kg – Victor Ahavior

+100 – Chris Sherrington

Whilst this is a very strong team you cannot bet on the national teams. It is so unpredictable. So we will have to wait and see 🙂


I also have a 52 player from my club, Natasha Collins, representing the East. It will be interesting to see how they get on.

I’ll update on twitter (@judobob) throughout the day and try to blog too.

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The Physiological Demands of Judo

Many studies have looked at the physiological responses to a single judo contest (Cipriano, 1993; Degoutte et al, 2003; Sterkowicz & Maslej, 2000; Wolach, et al, 2003) but in reality, to become a successful judo athlete, several judo contests must be fought in succession. On a single day of competition, a judo player can expected to have 4-8 fights (Cipriano, 1993; in order to win a gold medal; there is usually a gap between each fight of approximately 20-30 minutes. In training athletes are expected to fight 10-15 fights back to back in order to master the technical skill in a combat situation within the time constraints of a lesson/session (Inman, 2004), it should be noted that the success of Japanese judo has been attributed to the number of fights in training being much higher and their duration longer.

Studies have shown that Olympic wrestling and judo are physiologically similar (Pulkkinen, 2001). Studies into judo and wrestling have shown a high anaerobic contribution to both sports (Nilsson, et al, 2002; Pulkkinen, 2001; Sterkowicz & Maslej, 2000), indeed Pulkkinen (2001) suggests that the ATP-CP system and the anaerobic system are the primary sources of energy during a judo contest.Personally I am not convinced that wrestling and judo are as similar as some researchers suggest, certainly time motion research suggests they are very different and anyone who has done both wrestling and judo will tell you they are physically very different.

Time-motion analysis (Cipriano, 1993; Sterkowicz & Maslej, 2000) has shown that judo contests are characterised by maximal (100% VO2) efforts of 10-15s interspersed with recovery periods of sub-maximal efforts that include pushing, pulling and lifting movements.I will be doing a separate post on time motion analysis in judo at a later date.

The anaerobic system has a tremendous ability to completely replenish stores after depletion within 2-3 minutes (Astrand & Rodahl, 1986). High lactate scores have also been observed in judo contests (Callister et al, 1991; Nilsson et al, 2002; Sikorski et al, 1987), these authors have reported lactate scores of between 8.4mmol and 17.2mmol.

Several authors have suggested the following attributes, normally based upon the physiological profile of high performance athletes:

• Strength

• Power

• Speed

• Agility

• Balance

• Anaerobic power and endurance within a large aerobic base

• Flexibility

At Anglia Ruskin University we are investigating the demands of high performance judo in two ways. Firstly my PhD research is focussing on the time motion analysis of light weight women’s judo. You can see the pro’s and con’s of time motion analysis in the previous post. Secondly the next block of the European Judo Union Level 4 performance coach award and Level 5 high performance coach award will focus on physiology. By educating and equipping coaches we hope to further our understanding of the physiological demand of judo. For now though more information on judo physiology can be found by sourcing the reference list.

If you have any questions about the physiological demands of judo please ask in the comments below.


Angus, R. (2006). Competitive Judo. Human Kinetics. Printed in USA.

Astrand, P., Rodahl, K., Dahl, H.A., Str∅mme, S.B. (2003). Textbook of Work Physiology. Physiological bases for exercise. (4th ed). Human Kinetics. Printed in Canada.

Baechle, T.R. & Earle, R.W. Eds. (2002). Essentials of Strength and Conditioning    (2nd ed). National Strength and Conditioning Association. Human Kinetics. Printed in China.

Bell, G.J., Syrotuik, D., Martin, T.P., Burnham, R., & Quinney, H.A. (2000). Effects of concurrent strength and endurance training on skeletal muscle properties and hormaone concentrations in human. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 81: 418-427.

Bompa, T.O. (1999). Periodization. Theory and Methodology of Training. Human Kinetics. Printed in USA.

Brown C.H. & Wilmore, J.H. (1974). The effects of maximal resistance training on the strength and body composition of women athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports. 6(3): 174-177.

Callister, R., Callister, R.J., Saron, R.S., Fleck, S.J., Tesch, P. & Dudley, G.A. (1991). Physiological characteristics of elite judo athletes. International journal of sports medicine. 12, 196-203

Chimera, N.J., Swanik, K.A., Swanik, C.B. & Straub, S.J. (2004). Effects of plyometric training on muscle-activation strategies and performance in female athletes. Journal of Athletic training. 39(1): 24-31.

Chu, D.A. (1996). Explosive power & strength. USA: Human Kinetics. Chu, D.A. (1998). Jumping into plyometrics. 2nd ed. USA: Human kinetics

Cipriano, N. (1993). Technical-tactical analysis of free-style wrestling. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 7 (3): 133-140

Degoutte, F., Jouanel, P. & Filaire, E. (2003). Energy demands during a judo contest and recovery. British journal of sports medicine. 37:245-249.

Dick, F.W. (2002). Sports Training Principles. 4th Ed. A & C Black (Publishers) Ltd. Printed in Great Britain.

Dudley, G.A., Abraham, W.M & Terjung, R.L. (1982), Influence of exercise intensity and duration on biochemical adaptations in skeletal muscle, journal of applied physiology, 53, (4), 844-850

Etnyre, B.R. and Lee, E.J. (1987). Comments on Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching techniques. Research Quarterly. 58: 184-188.

Hewett, T.E., Stroupe, A.L., Nance, T.A. & Noyes, F.R. (1996). Plyometric training in female athletes. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 24:765-773.

Hoffman, J. (2002). Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance. Human Kinetics. Printed in USA.

Kraemer, W. J., Häkkinen, K, Triplett-Mcbride, N.T., Fry, A.C. Koziris, L.P., Ratemess, N.A. Bauer, J.E. Volek, J.S., Mcconnell, T.,

Newton, R.U., Gordon, S.E., Cummings, D., Hauth, J., Pullo, F., Lynch, J.M., Mazzetti, S.A. and Knuttgen H.G. (2002). Physiological Changes with Periodized Resistance Training in Women Tennis Players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 35 (1):157–168.

Leveritt, M., Abernethy, P.J., Barry, B.K. & Logan, P.A. (1999). Concurrent Strength and Endurance training. Sports Medicine. 28(6): 413-427.

McCarthy, J. P., Pozniak, M.A & Agre, J.C. (2002). Neuromuscular adaptations to concurrent strength and endurance training. Medicine and Science in Sports Exerercise. 34 (3): 511–519.

Moshanov, A. (2006). Lecture: Performance Planning – Sports Training Science University of Bath. FdSc Sport Performance (European Judo Union).

Nilsson, J., Csergo, S., Gullstrand, S., Tveit, P. & Refsnes, P. (2002) Work-time profile, blood lactate concentrations and perceived level of exertion in the 1998 Greco-wrestling world championship. Journal of sports science 20: 939-945

Pulkkinen, W. J. (2001). The Sport Science of Elite Judo Athletes. A review and application for training. Pulkinetics. Printed in Canada.

Selye, H. (1956). The stress of life. Printed in New York. McGraw-Hill. IN: Baechle, T.R. & Earle, R.W. Eds. (2002). Essentials of Strength and Conditioning    (2nd ed). National Strength and Conditioning Association. Human Kinetics. Printed in China.

Shrier, I. (1999). Stretching before exercise does not reduce the risk of local muscle injury: a critical review of the clinical and basic literature. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 9:221-227.

Sikorski, W., Mickowicz, G., Maole, B. & Laska, C. (1987). Structure of the contest and work capacity of the judoist. Polish judo association. Institute of sport: Warsaw, Poland IN: Pulkinnen, W. (2001). The sports science of elite judo athletes: A review and application for training. Pulkinetics. Printed in Canada.

Sterkowicz, S & Maslej, P (2000).An evaluation of the technical and tactical aspects of judo matches at the senior level. Division of combat sports. Academy of physical education. Krakow: Poland.

Thacker, S.B., Gilchrist, J., Stroup, D.F. & Kimsey, C.D. (2004). The impact of stretching on sports injury risk: A systematic review of the literature. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise. 36(3): 371-378.

Tomlin, D.L. & Wenger, H.A. (2001). The relationship between aerobic fitness and recovery from high intensity intermittent exercise. Sports Medicine. 31(1):1-11.

Weers, G. (1997). Skill Range of Elite Judo Players. Judo information website. Last accessed 17th April 2006.

Weldon, S.M. & Hill, R.H. (2003). The efficacy of stretching for the prevention of exercise related injury: a systematic review of the literature. Manual Therapy. 8:141-150.

Wolach, B., Falk, B., Gavrielli, R., Kodesh, E. & Eliakim, A. (2000). Neurophil function response to aerobic and anaerobic exercise in female judoka and untrained subjects. British journal of sports medicine. 34:23-28.

Zatsiorsky, V. ed. (2000). The encyclopaedia of sports medicine. Biomechanics in sport, Performance enhancement & injury prevention. Cambridge: Blackwell sciences.


Filed under Coach Education, Coaching Judo, EJU level 4 & 5 coaching awards, Judo, PhD, Women's judo